EVERY DRUG IS DANGEROUS!
Paradoxically, all drugs are dangerous, we are in generation or an era where almost all drugs are being abuse from all age-range and needless to say inconsiderable of gender.
In this article, I’d taken one of the most important and most widely used class of drug –Antibiotics, to digest and discuss the effect of drugs on the health of individual.
“Let’s fight for ourselves! It’s ridiculous that from the invention of first antibiotics down to the latest ones, everyday appeared a good chance for human to be knock-down by their own negligence and ignorance.”
Literary, ANTI (stands for; opposing, fighting or killing) BIOS ( means; Life) _ then in single sense it could be regarded as; life killing or life fighting. Antibiotic, is a general term referred to any substance that is capable of deteriorating or killing a living cells. Example; Antibacterial, Antifungal, Antiviral and Ani protozoans.
ANTIBACTERIA: Substance produced or derived from certain microorganisms, including fungi and bacteria that can destroy or kill bacteria. Example; Penicillin (from Penacillium Notatum) and erythromycin. As a class, they are one of the most frequently used as well as misused drugs especially in developing countries where infectious diseases predominates.
ANTIBIOTICS AND RESISTANCE.
RESISTANCES: it is the ability of bacteria and other microorganisms to resist the effects of an antibiotic to which they were once sensitive. Antibiotic resistance is a major concern of overuse of antibiotics. It is also known as drug resistance.
Bacteria become drug-resistant or more specifically, antibiotic-resistant every now and then. These resistant-bacteria infect humans and animals, and the infections they cause are harder to treat than those caused by non-resistant bacteria.
The world urgently needs to change the way it prescribes and uses antibiotics. Even if new medicines are developed, without behavioral change, antibiotic resistance will remain a major concern as such the biggest threat to human life.
SCOPE OF THE PROBLEM
Antibiotics can be life-saving drugs for many infections, but they are indeed very dangerous in some of the conditions that are even pathologic examples are; colds or flu-like illnesses. Antibiotic resistance is rising to dangerously high levels in all parts of the world. New resistance mechanisms are emerging and spreading globally, threatening our ability to treat common infectious diseases such as pneumonia, tuberculosis, blood poisoning diseases, gonorrhea, and food-borne diseases – are becoming harder, and sometimes impossible, to treat as antibiotics become less effective.Places where Antibiotics can be access freely or buy under loose policy, have considerably got a remarkable emergence of wide spread of Antibiotic Resistance.
Similarly, in countries which lacks effective standard treatment guidelines, antibiotics are often over-prescribed by health workers and veterinarians and over-used by the public, both humans and animals.
Without urgent action, we are heading to a post-antibiotic era, in which common infections and minor injuries can once again kill masses.
When infections can no longer be treated by first-line antibiotics, because of resistance then;
- More expensive medicines must be used.
- A longer duration of illness.
- Longer duration of treatment, often in hospitals.
- Increases health care costs as well as the economic burden on families and societies.
- Increase chances of problems from drugs side effects.
- Patient may ended up with deformity or incurable disease
- Antibiotic resistance is putting the achievements of modern medicine at risk. Organ transplantations, chemotherapy and even the minor surgeries such as cesarean sections become much more dangerous without effective antibiotics for the prevention and treatment of infections.
GENERAL EFFECT OF DRUGS
Generally, all drugs are dangerous! For drug to be effective certain rules must be maintain by both health care workers and the general population.
To prevent and control the spread of antibiotic resistance, individuals should:
- Only use antibiotics when prescribed by a certified health professional.
- Never demand antibiotics if your health worker says you don’t need them.
- Always follow your health worker’s advice when using antibiotics.
- Never share or use leftover antibiotics.
- Prevent infections by changing to good social habits; regularly washing hands, preparing food hygienically, avoiding close contact with sick people, practicing safer sex, and keeping vaccinations up to date.
- Prepare food hygienically, following the WHO Five Keys to Safer Food (keep clean, separate raw and cooked, cook thoroughly, keep food at safe temperatures, use safe water and raw materials).
- Choose foods that have been produced without the use of antibiotics for growth promotion or disease prevention in healthy animals.
- What route, dose and duration: adherence, convenience, cost
- Health care shall always be aware of synergism and antagonism effect.
- Use the right drug, right dose, right route, right duration
- Parents (mothers) should avoid administrating drugs to their children without been prescribed.
- Sharing drugs among siblings and members of a family do more bad than good.
Author: Salim Y. Nuhu